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Memorial Park
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Memorial Park

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In the late 1300s most of greater Bohemia, including Prague, switched from being Catholic to Protestant from the influence of local preacher Jan Hus who started the Hussite Movement. There were some religious conflicts after the conversion, but nothing large until the Catholic Church tried to conquer much of Europe in 1600s during the 30 Years War. The famous religious war is said to have it roots in Bohemia when Emperor Ferdinand II started oppressing local Protestants in 1609 to strengthen the Habsburg rule over the region. Ferdinand moved the capital of the Holy Roman Empire from Vienna to Prague and started to crack down on religious freedom. Empowered by a growing citizens revolt in 1618, 47 Czech Noblemen gathered their forces of over 30,000 men to fight off Emperor Ferdinand II. The Protestant army was ultimately defeated at the Battle of White Mountain on November 8, 1620 ending Bohemia’s resistance in the 30 Year’s War.
In the aftermath of the Battle of White Mountain the region was put under tighter Hapsburg rule, forced to return to Catholicism, and the 47 rebel Noblemen we put on trial. We lightly call it a trial as they weren’t given a full defense and 27 of them were executed in Old Town Square on June 21, 1621. With the Protestant Noblemen out of the way, the Habsburgs took greater control of Prague and most of the surrounding farm land. In total the Habsburg rule over Prague lasted almost 400 years (1526-1918), but with the influence waning, a Memorial Park was created in the Old Town Square honoring the 27 executed Noblemen in 1911. The Memorial holds a plaque with the names of the Noblemen, as well as a white cross in the pavement for each one of them. On the side of Old Town Hall, facing the Old Town Square, you will also see a plaque honoring Jan Zelivsky was one of the Noblemen and a very popular priest carrying on Jan Hus’ work.

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Address

Address:

Staroměstské nám. 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic

GPS:

50.08696850183118, 14.42073447748885

Opening Hours

Monday

24 *7 Open

Tuesday

24 *7 Open

Wednesday

24 *7 Open

Thursday

24 *7 Open

Friday

24 *7 Open

Saturday

24 *7 Open

Sunday

24 *7 Open

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