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National Library (Clementinum):
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National Library (Clementinum):

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Sitting between Charles Bridge and the core of Old Town, the stunning National Library is the perfect place to start our free Prague walking tour. Back in the 11th Century, the Dominican Order of Monks began to build a small monastery here starting with the Chapel of Saint Clement. In 1556, Jesuits monks moved into the monastery and founded a school. The grow school was promoted to a University in 1622 which led to huge expansions in the 1650s. Charles University merged with the Jesuit College and quickly became the 2nd largest build complex in town behind Prague Castle.
The Jesuit College grew so fast in the 1600s that they quickly grew from just 1 book to over 20,000 books and attracted many great thinkers. Of the most famous of these thinkers came in 1619 when German mathematician Johannes Kepler used the Clementinum’s observatory come up with his Laws of Planetary Motion. Empress Maria Theresa even fell in love with the Jesuit complex and helped to further expand it in 1722 to include a 170 foot tall Astronomical Tower and the gorgeous Baroque-style National Library Hall. The Library and its amazing ceilings is still one of the most beautiful libraries in the world. If you are willing to manage its 172 stairs, the Astronomical Tower offers very unique views of Old Town Prague and it also holds the world record for the longest continual recording of daily temperature. Just 50 years after the last expansion of the Clementinum the Jesuits were forced out of Prague in 1773, but the Clementinum still survives as Prague University and National Library.
Even if you are pressed for time, the Clementinum is worth every minute just to see the amazing National Library Hall. If you happen to be coming from Charles Bridge make sure to look up and find the statue of the nude girl sitting on a ledge holding a bird. It is called The Girl with Paper Swallow and was added as part of an exhibition in 2006.

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Address

Address:

Mariánské nám. 5, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic

GPS:

50.08699752959616, 14.417405668765241

Telephone:

Opening Hours

Monday

10.00 - 16.30

Tuesday

10.00 - 16.30

Wednesday

10.00 - 16.30

Thursday

10.00 - 16.30

Friday

10.00 - 16.30

Saturday

10.00 - 16.30

Sunday

10.00 - 16.30

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